# Operators

An operator is something that takes one or more values (or expressions, in programming jargon) and yields another value (so that the construction itself becomes an expression).

Operators can be grouped according to the number of values they take. Unary operators take only one value, for example `!` (the logical not operator) or `++` (the increment operator). Binary operators take two values, such as the familiar arithmetical operators `+` (plus) and `-` (minus), and the majority of PHP operators fall into this category. Finally, there is a single ternary operator, `? :`, which takes three values; this is usually referred to simply as "the ternary operator" (although it could perhaps more properly be called the conditional operator).

A full list of PHP operators follows in the section Operator Precedence. The section also explains operator precedence and associativity, which govern exactly how expressions containing several different operators are evaluated.

### User Contributed Notes 4 notes

252
Anonymous
20 years ago
`of course this should be clear, but i think it has to be mentioned espacially:AND is not the same like &&for example:<?php \$a && \$b || \$c; ?>is not the same like<?php \$a AND \$b || \$c; ?>the first thing is(a and b) or cthe seconda and (b or c)'cause || has got a higher priority than and, but less than &&of course, using always [ && and || ] or [ AND and OR ] would be okay, but than you should at least respect the following:<?php \$a = \$b && \$c; ?><?php \$a = \$b AND \$c; ?>the first code will set \$a to the result of the comparison \$b with \$c, both have to be true, while the second code line will set \$a like \$b and THAN - after that - compare the success of this with the value of \$cmaybe usefull for some tricky coding and helpfull to prevent bugs :Dgreetz, Warhog`
52
anisgazig at gmail dot com
3 years ago
`Operator are used to perform operation.Operator are mainly divided by three groups.1.Uniary Operators that takes one values2.Binary Operators that takes two values3.ternary operators that takes three valuesOperator are mainly divided by three groups that are totally seventeen types.1.Arithmetic Operator+ = Addition- = Subtraction* = Multiplication/ = Division% = Modulo** = Exponentiation2.Assignment Operator = "equal to3.Array Operator + = Union == = Equality === = Identity != = Inequality <> = Inequality !== = Non-identity4.Bitwise Operator& = and ^ = xor| = not<< = shift left>> = shift right5.Comparison Operator== = equal=== = identical!= = not equal!== = not identical<> = not equal< = less than<= less than or equal> = greater than>= = greater than or equal<=> = spaceship operator6.Execution Operator `` = backticks 7.Error Control Operator @ = at sign8.Incrementing/Decrementing Operator ++\$a = PreIncrement \$a++ = PostIncrement --\$a = PreDecrement \$a-- = Postdecrement9.Logical Operator && = And || = Or ! = Not and = And xor = Xor or = Or10.string Operator . = concatenation operator .= concatenating assignment operator11.Type Operator instanceof = instanceof12.Ternary or Conditional operator ?: = Ternary operator13.Null Coalescing Operator ??" = null coalescing 14.Clone new Operator clone new = clone new15.yield from Operator yield from = yield from16.yield Operator yield = yield17.print Operator print = print`
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yasuo_ohgaki at hotmail dot com
23 years ago
```Other Language books' operator precedence section usually include "(" and ")" - with exception of a Perl book that I have. (In PHP "{" and "}" should also be considered also). However, PHP Manual is not listed "(" and ")" in precedence list. It looks like "(" and ")" has higher precedence as it should be. Note: If you write following code, you would need "()" to get expected value. <?php \$bar = true; \$str = "TEST". (\$bar ? 'true' : 'false') ."TEST"; ?> Without "(" and ")" you will get only "true" in \$str. (PHP4.0.4pl1/Apache DSO/Linux, PHP4.0.5RC1/Apache DSO/W2K Server) It's due to precedence, probably.```
figroc at gmail dot com
16 years ago
`The variable symbol '\$' should be considered as the highest-precedence operator, so that the variable variables such as \$\$a[0] won't confuse the parser. [http://www.php.net/manual/en/language.variables.variable.php]`